Servo and stepper motors are the “muscle” of any electro-mechanical solution. The motor’s torque, speed, and position can be controlled with extreme precision, allowing for incredibly complex motion.
Bearings, actuators, and framing make up the “skeleton” of the machine. They physically support the payload being worked on. Gearboxes and ball screws convert the rotary motion of the motors into usable rotary or linear motion for the application.
Devices like timers, counters, power supplies, and push buttons may not get the headlines, but nevertheless are critical to machine functionality.
The “brains” of any automation work cell, PLCs and controllers handle all of the logic, motion path planning, and safety.
Safeguard hazardous areas with light curtains, scanners, and floor mats. Use sensors as the “eyes and ears” of the machine, so the controls know when an event occurs.